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Magic Bullet™
Cranberry Extract (90 capsule bottle)

Cranberry Pills, Cranberry Extract, Cranberry Supplement

Price $29.95

5bottles20% off your Cart

Product Label
Supplement Information

Serving size 3 capsules
90 capsules per container
%Daily Value
Amount Per Serving: 1 capsule
Cranberry Extract 800 mg *
B-17 100 mg *
Zinc (as chelate) 15 mg 100%
Calcium (from coral) 160 mg 16%
Green Tea Extract *
Garlic Deordorized (bulb) 50 mg *
Onion Powder 50 mg *
Vitamin C 600 mg *
Magnesium (from coral) 80 mg 20%
*% Daily Value based on a 2,000 calorie diet.
Other Ingredients: V-caps, microcrystalline cellulose, magnesium stearate (vegetable source), silicon dioxide.

Magic Bullet™

An original formulation providing an immune system boost

The Magic Bullet contains a unique combination of immune enhancing constituents that help your body fight infection and health breakdowns.  In addition, these ingredients are known to help reverse acidosis, thought by many to be a primary cause of degenerative diseases.  

  • 800mg of Cranberry Extract
  • Original combination of ingredients
  • Uniquely powerful, Natural Immune System Booster
  • Helps Prevent Bladder Infections (UTIs)
  • Promotes Alkaline pH Levels
  • Reduces Inflammation
  • Contains Vitamin B-17

Why take the Magic Bullet?

The unique combination provides a one of its kind product

Nowadays everywhere you look, people are bombarded with health experts telling them that they need to keep their immune system boosted to avoid succumbing to a health challenge. In fact, health experts are now stating that if your immune system is not functioning at its optimum level, over time you will end up with a degenerative disease. To prevent a health challenge, it is recommended that everybody “maintain a healthy immune system”.

But how do we do this?  Unfortunately in today’s world, this is a challenge.  Many people think that if they eat healthily and exercise that they are healthy.  And if they are healthy then their immune system is strong.  However, there is a missing link in this analogy.  People’s immune systems are affected by so much more than what we eat and how much or how little we exercise.  In fact, the air we breathe, the water we drink, the food we eat, the supplements and/or prescription drugs we take, the thoughts we have, the lotions we put on our skin, the shampoos we use, the toothpaste we use, etc., all have an effect on our immune system.  There are even more issues beyond those listed that have an impact on our immune function positively or negatively.

So the million dollar question is “how do we know if our immune system is strong?”  If you don’t get sick all the time then it would be a relatively safe bet that your immune system is not weak.  But that is not necessarily the best gage.  Sometimes people can appear healthy and then something disastrous happens and they are stunned to learn that they are not.

This can be overwhelming and self-defeating, but rest assured there are many things that you can do to beat the odds.  Start by addressing the things that you have control over and don’t worry about the things that you cannot change.  When you focus on the things that you do have control over like what you put in and on your body, you can make a tremendous difference in your health.  Using products that do not have toxic ingredients on your skin is one way to assure that your body stays healthier.  And of course eating healthy foods and supplementing your diet with good supplements that boost your immune system also helps.  Remember that you have control over your thoughts so stay away from negative thinking that is a sure way to lower your immune system.  In the end, the more educated and aware you are the more control you will have over your own health.   Take responsibility for what you allow others to put in your body.

Prevention is the key.  It is much harder and can be very costly to get healthy once you are sick.  So staying healthy and preventing health challenges is the cheaper, less painful and better way.

Since our immune system plays an important role in staying healthy, try supplementing with the Magic Bullet.  This product was specifically formulated to provide the body with an extra boost to the immune system.  Customers who have used the Magic Bullet have reported that they are less likely to get the flu, colds and allergies than other people around them.


A detailed description of each ingredient

A unique and powerful immune system booster that helps the body fight inflammation and promotes an alkaline pH level.  For an optimal immune boost, the Magic Bullet ingredients include cranberry, garlic, onion, green tea, zinc, calcium, magnesium, Vitamin C and the hard to find Vitamin B17.


  • Source of vitamin C
  • Antioxidant
  • Prevents UTI's
  • Source of two types of Phytochemicals:
    • Phenolic Acids
    • Flavonoids (anthocyanins, flavonols, proanthocyanidins)
    • Recent research suggests that the three flavonoid phytochemicals work together for maximum effect on suppressing the growth of various human cancer cells
    • Research also indicates that foods containing Flavonoids may decrease the risk of atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)

Cranberries were first documented in North America in 1621 when Pilgrims were rumored to have eaten the berries during Thanksgiving.  New England sailors especially liked cranberries, as it was noted that eating them prevented scurvy, a disease resulting from vitamin C deficiency.  In the mid-1800’s, German chemists' discovered that the urine of those who ate cranberries contained a bacteriostatic compound (literally translated, “stopping bacteria”).  Today, cranberry juice is a common home remedy used to prevent bacterial urinary tract infections (UTI).

The most likely mechanism of action for cranberry is its ability to inhibit bacterial adhesion to the urinary tract lining (Escherichia coli is the most common culprit in causing UTIs).  Cranberries contain several organic acids and fatty acids that act to keep bacteria from sticking to urinary tract cells.  Cranberry ingestion also lowers the acidity of urine, thereby making conditions for bacterial growth less favorable.  Studies conducted to test the therapeutic utility of supplementing with cranberry have been quite favorable.  In one controlled study, 153 elderly women were given a daily dose of either 300mL (about 9 ounces) of low-calorie cranberry juice or placebo for 6 months.  Not only did in vitro (test tube) tests show that the juice prevented adhesion of E. coli to urinary tract cells, but only 15% of urine samples from supplemented subjects contained E. coli, while over 28% of urine samples from placebo subjects showed the presence of the bacteria.  In a study of sexually active women with UTI symptoms, antibiotic therapy for 10 days along with 400 mg of cranberry solids was significantly better compared to antibiotic therapy alone.  Other scientific studies have demonstrated similar findings – cranberry supplementation prevents and limits the severity of UTI.  In elderly subjects, cranberry has also been found to decrease urine odor, and to decrease the incidence of constipation and incontinence.

Cranberries are an incredibly safe supplement as there are no documented side effects resulting from its use.  In fact, it actually increases the antibacterial effect when taking antibiotics.  If a person drinks cranberry juice in very large quantities (3-4 liters per day), they might experience diarrhea and other gastrointestinal symptoms.  For those prone to kidney stones, it is important to note that cranberries contain oxalates, the compounds that form the stones.  However, the level of cranberry extract in this formula provides virtually no risk of forming stones.  And there have been no contraindications reported for pregnant or lactating women.

Vitamin C

  • Antioxidant
  • Involved in the metabolism of cholesterol to bile acids
  • Co-enzyme that is required for the synthesis of the following:
    • Collagen
      • Main protein of connective tissue in animals
      • Most abundant protein in mammals
      • Makes up about 25% to 35% of the whole-body protein content
      • In muscle tissue it serves as a major component of endomysium
      • Constitutes 1% to 2% of muscle tissue
      • Accounts for 6% of the weight of strong, tendinous muscles
    • Neurotransmitters
      • Dopamine
      • Noradrenaline
      • Adrenaline
    • Carnitine
      • Required for the transport of fatty acids from the cytosol into the mitochondria during the breakdown of lipids (or fats) for the generation of metabolic energy

  • Prevents Heart Disease
  • Prevents Atherosclerosis
  • Prevents High cholesterol
  • Prevents High blood pressure
  • Lowers Cholesterol
  • Prevents and fights against the Common Cold
  • Helps regulate blood sugar levels
  • Antiseptic/Antibacterial
  • Treats intestinal worms & other intestinal parasites
  • Remedy for digestive disorders
  • Remedy for fungal infections

Garlic has been used for centuries for its reported benefits in promoting heart health and preventing infection.  It is claimed to reduce serum cholesterol (and triglycerides), inhibit platelet aggregation (thins blood) and lower blood pressure.  The cardio-protective benefits associated with garlic are generally attributed to the various sulfur compounds that can be isolated from the raw clove.

These compounds, which include alliin, allicin, S-allyl-cysteine, S-methyl-cysteine and many others, are found in varying concentrations in garlic.  The chemical responsible for the pungent smell of garlic, allicin, is produced from alliin via the action of alliinase and is thought to contribute to many of the health effects associated with garlic supplements.  The health benefits of garlic supplements are a controversial area.  There are quite a large number of studies indicating a beneficial cardiovascular effect of garlic supplements.  For example, a study of 30 patients with coronary artery disease, garlic supplements (4 capsules per day equivalent to 4 grams of raw garlic) showed a significant reduction in serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels as well as an inhibition of platelet aggregation (reduced blood clotting).  Further supporting the cardiovascular benefits in humans is a well-controlled study in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition from 1996, which compared the effect of aged garlic extract on blood lipids in a group of 41 men with moderately elevated cholesterol levels.  Each subject received about 7 grams of garlic extract per day over the course of 6 months.  The major findings were a reduction in total serum cholesterol of approximately 7% and a drop in LDL of 4-5%.  In addition, there was a 5.5% decrease in systolic blood pressure and a modest reduction of diastolic blood pressure in response to aged garlic extract.  The overall conclusion of the study was that "dietary supplementation with aged garlic extract has beneficial effects on the lipid profile and blood pressure of moderately hypercholesterolemic subjects."

Adverse side effects associated with garlic supplements are rare.  Occasionally, mild gastrointestinal symptoms such as heart burn and nausea may occur with high intakes.  In some cases, high doses of garlic may potentate the anti-thrombotic (blood-thinning) effects of anti-inflammatory medications such as aspirin and dietary supplements such as vitamin E and fish oil.

Onion Powder

  • Prevents Heart Disease
  • Prevents Atherosclerosis
  • Prevents Hypertension
  • Prevents and fights against the Common Cold
  • Promotes healthy bone

The presence of allicin, although in less proportion than in garlic, gives this plant anti-thrombotic properties (avoids the formation of blood platelets) which can aid in preventing much of the following circulatory diseases: arteriosclerosis, hypertension, angina pectoris and some other maladies related to a bad blood flow such as hemorrhoids.

Onion accelerates the removal of body liquids, being helpful in cases of rheumatism, edemas, and bladder problems.  Because of its high sulfur content, it becomes, together with garlic, one of the best natural remedies to fight infections of the respiratory and digestive tract.  It helps digestion by stimulating the liver, the bladder and pancreas, although it should be avoided when having hyperchloridia (stomach acidity) as well as in fragile stomachs.

Recent studies associate the consumption of onion with cancer inhibition.  Among the sulfurous products, diallyl disulfide seems to be responsible for the inhibition of cancerous cells in the stomach. Swiss studies on osteoporosis performed on mice indicate a propensity to accelerate bone growth.  Human studies are currently underway to corroborate this observation.

Adverse side effects associated with onion supplements are rare.  Occasionally, mild gastrointestinal symptoms such as heartburn and nausea may occur with high intakes.  In some cases, high doses of onion may potentiate the anti-thrombotic (blood-thinning) effects of anti-inflammatory medications such as aspirin and dietary supplements such as vitamin E and fish oil.  The dose in this formulation poses no such threat.

Green Tea Extract

  • Antioxidant
  • Anti-carcinogen
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Anti-radiation

Because the active compounds, the catechins found in green tea are known to possess potent antioxidant activity, they may provide beneficial health effects by protecting the body from the damaging effects of oxidative damage from free radicals.  A number of chronic disease states have been associated with free radical induced oxidative damage, including cancer, heart disease, and suppressed immune function and accelerated aging.

Although numerous laboratory investigations have shown the powerful antioxidant activity of green tea and green tea extracts, prospective clinical studies in humans are few.  From the laboratory findings, it is clear that green tea is an effective antioxidant that provides clear protection from experimentally induced DNA damage and that it can slow or halt the initiation and progression of tumor growth.  There is also evidence from some studies that green tea provides significant immuno-protective qualities, particularly in the case of cancer patients undergoing radiation or chemotherapy.  White blood cell count appears to be maintained more effectively in cancer patients consuming green tea compared to non-supplemented patients.

Several epidemiological studies show an association between consumption of total flavonoids in the diet and the risk for heart disease.  Men with the highest consumption of flavonoids (from fruits and vegetables) have approximately half the risk of heart disease compared with those with the lowest intake. The primary catechin in green tea EGCG, (epigallocatechin gallate) makes up about 10-50% of the total catechin content and appears to be the most powerful of the catechins – with antioxidant activity about 25-100 times more potent than vitamins C and E.  EGCG appears to inhibit the growth of cancer cells as well as play a role in stimulating apoptosis (programmed cell death).

In terms of heart disease protection, the potent antioxidant properties of polyphenols would be expected to reduce free radical damage to cells and prevent the oxidation of LDL cholesterol – both of which would be expected to inhibit the formation of atherosclerotic plaques.

Aside from the clear benefits of green tea as an antioxidant, recent studies have suggested a role of catechins in promoting weight loss.  In one animal study, the anti-obesity effect of green tea was evaluated by feeding different levels of green tea (1-4% in their diets) to female mice for 4 months.  The study found that the mice receiving the green tea in their diets had a significant suppression of food intake, body weight gain and fat tissue accumulation.  In addition, levels of cholesterol and triglycerides were lower in mice receiving the green tea diet.  Perhaps the most interesting finding from this study was that Leptin levels in serum showed a decrease with green tea treatments – indicating that green tea may have a direct effect on the regulation of body weight (downward).

In some studies, green tea is associated with a mild increase in thermogenesis (increased caloric expenditure) – which is generally attributed to its caffeine content.  At least one study has shown that green tea extract stimulates thermogenesis to an extent that is much greater than can be attributed to its caffeine content per se – meaning that the thermogenic properties of green tea may be due to an interaction between its high content of catechin-polyphenols along with caffeine.  A probable theory for the thermogenic effect of green tea is an increase in levels of norepinephrine – because catechin-polyphenols are known to inhibit catechol-O-methyl-transferase (the enzyme that degrades norepinephrine).  One study examined this theory, and the effect of green tea extract on 24-hour energy expenditure, in 10 healthy men – who each consumed 3 treatments of green tea extract (50mg) caffeine and (90mg) EGCG (epigallocatechin gallate), caffeine (50 mg), and placebo (at breakfast, lunch, and dinner).  The results of the study showed that, relative to placebo, the green tea extract resulted in a significant (4%) increase in 24-hour energy expenditure (approximately 800 calories per day) and a significant increase in the body’s use of fat as an energy source (24-h Respiratory Quotient).  In addition, the 24-hour urinary norepinephrine excretion was 40% higher during treatment with the green tea extract than with the placebo.  It is interesting to note that treatment with caffeine in amounts equivalent to those found in the green tea extract (50mg) had no effect on energy expenditure of fat oxidation – suggesting that the thermogenic properties of green tea is due to compounds other than its caffeine content alone.

Green tea extract has been decaffeinated as well as standardized for total polyphenol content and catechin concentrations. It is safe in extremely high doses. However, individuals taking aspirin or other anticoagulant medications (including vitamin E and ginkgo biloba) on a daily basis should be aware of the possible inhibition of platelet aggregation (blood clotting) associated with green tea (in some cases, green tea may prolong bleeding times).


  • Antioxidant
  • Helps speed up the healing process after an injury
  • Reduces the duration and severity of Cold symptoms

Zinc is an essential trace mineral that has functions as part of about 300 different enzymes.  As such, zinc plays a role in virtually all biochemical pathways and physiological processes.  More than 90% of the body’s zinc is stored in the bones (30%) and muscles (60%), but zinc is also found in virtually all body tissues. The richest dietary sources of zinc are seafood (especially oysters), meat, fish, eggs, and poultry.  Zinc is thought to contribute to wound healing, immune system support, reduction of the length and severity of colds, a healthy prostate gland (prevents benign prostatic hyperplasia – BPH), and increases infertility.

Because zinc is an essential part of nearly 300 different biochemical pathways, structure/function claims can be made for the nutrient’s role in a wide variety of processes including digestion, wound healing, energy production, growth, cellular repair, collagen synthesis, bone strength, cognitive function, carbohydrate metabolism (glucose utilization and insulin production), and reproductive function.  Even mild zinc deficiency has been associated with depressed immunity, decreased sperm count and impaired memory.  Perhaps the most popular claim for zinc lately is for its role in immunity, where zinc may interfere with the replication of the cold virus (rhinovirus).  There is certainly sufficient evidence supporting the use of zinc lozenges in reducing the duration and severity of colds.  Although concentrated zinc lozenges can help kill cold viruses in the mouth and throat, it is important to begin using them as soon as possible following the onset of cold symptoms (ideally within the first 24-48 hours).  Test tube studies have shown that zinc can block the cold virus from replicating – an effect that could help the body’s natural immune defenses "get a jump on" killing the viruses.  Most studies of the effect of zinc lozenges (typically zinc gluconate or zinc acetate) on the common cold have shown that subjects in the supplement group tend to have fewer "symptomatic" days (on average 2-3 fewer sick days) compared to subjects receiving a placebo (measured in terms of coughing, sore throat, nasal congestion and headache).  Occasionally, high dose zinc supplements are recommended to diabetic patients. Such patients commonly suffer from increased loss of zinc and reduced body stores of zinc.  High doses of zinc have been shown to mimic the effects of insulin in reducing blood sugar and promoting wound healing.  These effects, however, should be considered preliminary and high dose zinc supplements are not recommended for diabetics except on the advice of their personal physician.

Exercise performance has also been associated with adequate zinc status – especially in athletes who avoid red meat, concentrate their diets too much on carbohydrates or follow an overly restricted dietary regime. Low zinc intake (3mg/day) has been linked to reduced activity of a zinc-containing enzyme in red blood cells called carbonic anhydrase (which helps red blood cells transport carbon dioxide from tissues to the lungs to be exhaled).  Mild to moderate zinc deficiency can lead to significant reductions in ability to take up and use oxygen, remove carbon dioxide and generate energy during high intensity exercise.

Zinc has also been linked to enhanced bone formation and reduction of bone loss – both alone and in combination with plant isoflavones such as genistein.  When used together with isoflavones, it appears that the isoflavonoid effect on bone is enhanced by zinc and may have a potent role in prevention of bone loss.

The short-term use of zinc at therapeutic doses for cold relief is assumed to be safe and chronic supplementation with zinc at levels 2-3 times the current RDA should not be expected to pose any significant adverse side effects.


  • Helps maintain normal muscle and nerve function
  • Promotes a healthy heart
  • Supports a healthy immune system
  • Keeps bones strong
  • Helps regulate blood sugar levels
  • Promotes normal blood pressure
  • Promotes sleep

  • Promotes strong bones and teeth
  • Promotes healthy hair and nails
  • Promotes proper muscle, nerve and blood function
  • Promotes healing
  • Promotes an alkaline Ph

While there are compelling anecdotal arguments about the health benefits of coral calcium, there remain limitations of knowledge that exist to explain the overall, versatile biological actions of this marine "nutraceutical".  That said, the importance of calcium/magnesium for health and disease prevention is certainly not in question and, while we acknowledge that coral calcium is considered a dietary supplement, the reports of its successful therapeutic use in 600 years of scientific and folklore literature cannot be ignored.

We have studied the chemical composition of many types of coral and have investigated extensively the claims of radio-protective, anti-microbial and anti-cancer activities reported with the use of coral.  There exists a great deal of supporting information that many of these claims of benefit for coral have a credible basis in science.  The current situation with coral calcium as a remedy of natural origin is similar to that of several other health-giving nutraceuticals, in that it is difficult to satisfy the conventional burden of scientific proof of the effectiveness of coral in disease treatment or prevention.  Indeed, as a matter of law in many countries, nutraceuticals cannot be used to cure or prevent any disease.  However, many individuals have exhibited self-reliance in the use of coral calcium as a highly potent, health-giving, dietary supplement with reported, potent and versatile health benefits.

We have examined many sources of mineral supplements and have a great conviction that coral calcium from Okinawa, Japan is one of the most ideal, balanced, healthy, mineral sources in the world.  Impressed by the global use of many different types of coral as food supplements, we have concluded the base areas of coral reefs as the most desirable form of coral calcium.  This type of coral is composed of the regular ''droppings" from the reef and its collection does not interfere with the presence or growth of the coral reefs.

Among the corals, the correct balance of magnesium to calcium is only found in coral calcium that is harvested in the waters around the Rukuyuku Islands of Okinawa, Japan.  This balance is not consistently found in dry land fossilized types of coral where certain minerals are lost.  For example, magnesium deteriorates from coral during the natural process of fossilization and beach drying.

Hundreds of years of precedence exist to show that certain relatively isolated communities such as Okinawa, Japan enjoy prolonged and healthy life.  Not surprisingly, 600 years of Japanese folklore describe certain corals of Okinawan origin to be important factors in the vibrant health and longevity of the indigenous population.

Ingredients - A description

A detailed description of each ingredient


It is now readily accepted by the scientific community that nutritional deficiency contributes to common diseases such as cancer, diabetes and heart disease and that correcting these deficiencies can contribute to their prevention and reversal. In that regard, coral calcium appears to have great power as nutritional support for many functions of the body.

Corals belong to a group of organisms (phylum) called Coelenterata (Cnidaria), which also include jellyfish, sea anemones and hydroids. Corals are deposited over many thousands of years from external supporting skeletons of minerals that are particularly rich in calcium.

While there are compelling anecdotal arguments about the health benefits of coral calcium, there remain limitations of knowledge that exist to explain the overall, versatile biological actions of this marine "nutraceutical". That said, the importance of calcium for health and disease prevention is certainly not in question and, while we acknowledge that coral calcium is considered a dietary supplement, the reports of its successful therapeutic use in 600 years of scientific and folklore literature cannot be ignored.

We have studied the chemical composition of many types of coral and have investigated extensively the claims of radio-protective, anti-microbial and anti-cancer activities reported with the use of coral. There exists a great deal of supporting information that many of these claims of benefit for coral have a credible basis in science. The current situation with coral calcium as a remedy of natural origin is similar to that of several other health-giving nutraceuticals in that it is difficult to satisfy the conventional burden of scientific proof of the effectiveness of coral in disease treatment or prevention. Indeed, as a matter of law in many countries, nutraceuticals cannot be used to cure or prevent any disease. However, many individuals have exhibited self-reliance in the use of coral calcium as a highly potent, health-giving, dietary supplement with reported, potent and versatile health benefits.

Hundreds of years of precedence exist to show that certain relatively isolated communities such as Okinawa, Japan enjoy prolonged and healthy life. Not surprisingly, 600 years of Japanese folklore describe certain corals of Okinawa origin to be important factors in the vibrant health and longevity of the indigenous population. One common identified factor in their longevity is the balance of mineral intake through the dissolved mineral solids in their water. Traditional Chinese medicine employs many natural products of marine origin to treat a variety of diseases. Extracts of fish, sea plants and corals have exhibited antibiotic, anticancer and anti-inflammatory properties. Several Chinese academic institutions focus on the enormous potential that the oceans hold as a source of nutritional and pharmaceutical substances. Among this potential they have identified the positive biological and nutritional characteristics of coral and work continues in this regard on many fronts. In recent years, the specialty of marine pharmacognosy, (the science that deals with medicinal products from plant, animal, or mineral origin in their crude or unprepared state), has become well developed and much information has emerged about the biological activity of sea dwelling organisms. Indeed, some fascinating pharmaceutical compounds have been found among primitive marine organisms such as coral.

The value of calcium for health requires little introduction and a vast body of literature exists on its positive role in the chemistry of life. The multiple health benefits of coral calcium, as reported for 600 years, extend far beyond its content of valuable calcium. Please enjoy this product in health and reflect on its contribution to health throughout 600 years of human history. There must surely be a reason that its worldwide consumption continues to grow and that reason could have a positive impact on your future health and well-being.


Magnesium is a mineral that functions as a coenzyme (part of ~100 enzymes) for nerve/muscle function, regulation of body temperature, energy metabolism, DNA/RNA synthesis, and the formation of bones. The majority of the body's magnesium (60%) is found in the bones. Food sources include artichokes, nuts, beans, whole grains and shellfish. Too much can cause nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.

  • Builds bone
  • Increases energy levels
  • Promotes heart health
  • Enhances protein synthesis (muscle building)

Because magnesium is needed as a co-factor for several enzymes to help convert carbohydrates, protein, and fat into energy, magnesium supplements may play a role in energy metabolism. Due to the role of magnesium in conducting nerve impulses, supplements have been promoted for support of heart function. Magnesium's role in bone health stems from its primary location in bone tissue and its ability to help increase calcium absorption.

The scientific support for magnesium as an adjunct to calcium supplements is fairly well founded. Magnesium can help improve calcium absorption and may help maintain bone density in those individuals at risk for excessive bone loss. A few studies have suggested a potential role for magnesium supplements in energy metabolism by showing an increase in exercise efficiency in endurance athletes. In general, however, there is no overwhelming evidence to suggest any increases in muscular strength or boosted energy levels following magnesium supplementation.

Excessive magnesium intake can cause diarrhea and general gastrointestinal distress as well as interfere with calcium absorption and bone metabolism. Since there are no known benefits associated with consuming more than 600 mg per day of magnesium, higher intakes should be avoided.

Vitamin D

Although vitamin D is typically classified as a fat-soluble vitamin, it actually functions as a hormone in the body. Because it can be manufactured by the body (formed in the skin following exposure to the ultraviolet rays of the sun), vitamin D is not technically classified as an essential nutrient at all. In the skin, exposure to ultraviolet rays converts vitamin D precursors (compounds with structures similar to cholesterol) into an inactive form of vitamin D. This inactive form is then converted to the active form by enzymes located in the liver and kidneys. Regular sunlight exposure is the primary way that most of us get our vitamin D. Food sources of vitamin D include only a few such as vitamin D-fortified milk (100 IU per cup), cod liver oil, and fatty fish such as salmon and small amounts are found in egg yolks and liver.

  • Prevents osteoporosis
  • Increase bone strength
  • Increases calcium absorption
  • Treats psoriasis

The primary effect of vitamin D is to maintain calcium levels in the blood. To do this, vitamin D promotes both the absorption of calcium from the intestines into the blood and the removal of calcium from the bones into the blood. Vitamin D also reduced calcium loss in the urine. In most cases, the increased calcium absorption results in an increase in bone density and bone strength, which can help reduce the risk of osteoporosis.

It is well accepted that adequate vitamin D levels are crucial for healthy bone development, maintenance of bone density and bone strength and the prevention of osteoporosis. Vitamin D deficiency results in rickets (in children) and osteomalacia (in adults) both of which are characterized by a reduced level of calcium being deposited in bones and a weakening of bone strength.

A number of studies have clearly demonstrated that supplemental vitamin D intake 200-1000IU/day), usually combined with calcium, increases bone density and thus helps prevent osteoporosis. In one study, 240 healthy postmenopausal women consumed calcium (900md/day) and vitamin D (200IU/day) for 2 years. Results showed a reduced loss of calcium in the urine and an increase of almost 2% in lumbar spine bone mineral density (a highly significant increase). Another study, also in postmenopausal women, gave supplements containing 1000mg of calcium (as calcium carbonate) and 500IU of vitamin D and showed a positive effect on bone density even though initial calcium and vitamin D status was adequate.

Because vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin, it is stored in the body and has the potential to reach toxic levels if taken in high doses for prolonged periods of time. Intakes over 1000IU (nearly 3 times the daily value) can cause nausea, diarrhea, skin rash, headaches, muscle weakness, calcium deposits and kidney stones. Prolonged sunlight exposure does not cause buildup of vitamin D as the body down-regulates its production when body levels are adequate. For most people, there is no reason to take more than the recommended daily value (400IU) of vitamin D. During the winter months, synthesis of vitamin D in the skin is severely reduced due to reduced exposure to sunlight. In some parts of the country (northern latitudes such as Boston or Seattle ) virtually no vitamin synthesis occurs in skin during the winter months. As such, people who are not exposed to sunlight on a regular basis should consider vitamin D supplementation as well as people living in northern cities. In addition, elderly individuals should consider vitamin D supplements, as skin loses its ability to adequately synthesize vitamin D as we age. Frequent sun block users may also consider a vitamin D supplement, as sun blocks can reduce the skin's ability to produce vitamin D.

B 1 Thiamine

Thiamin is a water-soluble vitamin. The active form is a phosphorylated form of thiamin called thiamin pyrophosphate (TPP) - which functions in carbohydrate metabolism to help convert pyruvate to acetyl CoA for entry to the Krebs cycle and subsequent steps to generate ATP. Thiamin also functions in maintaining nervous system and heart muscle health. Food sources include nuts, liver, brewer's yeast and pork.

  • Increased energy production
  • Maintains memory
  • Improves carbohydrate tolerance

Because of thiamin's role in carbohydrate metabolism and nerve function, supplements have been promoted for increasing energy and maintaining memory. Thiamin does seem to be involved in the release of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter, from nerve cells and thiamin deficiency is associated with generalized muscle weakness and mental confusion.

Because dietary thiamin requirements are based on caloric intake, those individuals who consume more calories, such as athletes, are likely to require a higher than average intake of thiamin to help process the extra carbohydrates into energy. During acute periods of stress, thiamin needs may be temporarily elevated, but outright thiamin deficiencies are rare except in individuals consuming a severely restricted diet.

No adverse side effects are known with thiamin intakes at RDA levels or even at levels several times the RDA.

B2 (Riboflavin)

Vitamin B2, or Riboflavin, is a water-soluble vitamin. It functions primarily as a coenzyme for many metabolic processes in the body such as red blood cell formation and nervous system function. Riboflavin is involved in energy production as part of the electron transport chain that produces cellular energy. As a building block for FAD (flavin adenine dinucleotide), riboflavin is a crucial component in converting food into energy. FAD is required for electron transport and ATP production in the Krebs cycle. Liver, dairy products, dark green vegetables and many seafood's are good sources of riboflavin.

Increases energy levels

  • Reduces chronic fatigue
  • Improves concentration and moood

Requirements for riboflavin, like most B vitamins, are related to calorie intake so the more food you eat, the more riboflavin you need to support the metabolic processes, which will convert that food into usable energy. Women should be aware that riboflavin needs are elevated during pregnancy and lactation as well as by the use of oral contraceptives (birth control pills). Athletes may require more riboflavin due both to increased caloric intake and increased needs of exercise.

There is no strong support for the efficacy of isolated riboflavin supplements in promoting health outside of correcting a nutrient deficiency. Despite the role of riboflavin in a variety of energy generating processes, the role for a supplement in improving energy levels in a well-nourished person is unlikely.

No serious side effects have been reported for supplementation with riboflavin at levels several times above the DV of 1.7mg. Because the body excretes excess riboflavin in the urine high supplemental levels are likely to result in a bright yellow color.

B3 (Niacin)

Niacin is a water-soluble B vitamin and the common name for niacinamide. Like all B-vitamins, niacin plays a role in many aspects of energy metabolism (as a component of NAD) and nervous system function. Rich dietary sources of niacin include many high-protein foods such as meat, chicken, tuna and other fatty fish, peanuts, pork and milk.

  • Lowers Cholesterol & Triglyceride Levels (Niacin)
  • Prevents / Treats Diabetes (Niacinamide)
  • Relieves Arthritis (Niacinamide)

Because niacin is involved in the proper functioning of more than 200 metabolic enzymes, it plays a role in a wide range of bodily processes, including synthesis of hormones and blood cells and the release of energy from fats, carbohydrates and proteins. There is some evidence that it may be helpful in preventing the development of childhood diabetes (Type I) in high-risk children. It should be cautioned that there is a strong possibility of liver inflammation with large doses of any form of niacin (see safety considerations below).

There have been some reports that niacinamide may be effective in controlling blood sugar and possibly preventing the development of diabetes in certain high-risk children.
The niacinamide form of niacin does not cause side effects.

B5 (PantothenicAcid)

Vitamin B5, also known as pantothenic acid, is a water-soluble vitamin widely distributed in most animal and plant foods. It is physiologically active as part of two coenzymes: acetyl coenzyme A (CoA) and acyl carrier protein. Pantothenic acid functions in the oxidation of fatty acids and carbohydrates for energy production and the synthesis of fatty acids, ketones, cholesterol, phospholipids, steroid hormones, and amino acids. Food sources include liver, egg yolk, fresh vegetables, legumes, yeast, and whole grains. Because it is found in many foods, a deficiency is extremely rare.

  • Lowers cholesterol
  • Increases energy (aerobic power) and improves sport performance
  • Good for rheumatoid arthritis
  • Antistress vitamin

Vitamin B5, similar to most B-vitamins, is involved as a cofactor in a variety of energy systems for several enzymatic reactions. One of its primary roles is to serve as a constituent of coenzyme A. Acetyl coenzyme A, or acetyl CoA, is a key metabolic intermediate in the processing of carbohydrate and fat for ATP production via the oxygen energy system in the mitochondria. Theoretically, vitamin B5 supplementation could facilitate the formation of acetyl CoA for processing through oxidative metabolic pathways, enhancing performance in long aerobic endurance events.

While one report indicated that vitamin B5 supplementation decreased lactic acid accumulation during a standardized exercise task, no performance improvement was noted. Other research with highly trained distance runners reported no significant effect of vitamin B5 supplementation on physiologic responses, such as pulse rate, blood levels of cortisol or glucose, or run time to exhaustion in a maximal treadmill test. The limited research on vitamin B5 does not suggest an ergogenic benefit during exercise with supplementation. Claims for the benefits of vitamin B5 supplementation in reducing cholesterol levels and treating rheumatoid arthritis lack support from well-controlled scientific studies. Likewise, although vitamin B5 is often referred to as an "anti-stress" vitamin, because of its central role in adrenal cortex function and cellular metabolism, there is currently no evidence from controlled studies to suggest that vitamin B5 reduces feelings of stress/anxiety or provides protection during times of stress.

As a water-soluble B-vitamin, B5 is generally considered a safe vitamin supplement, but large doses (10 grams or more) may cause diarrhea. Deficiencies are rare since it is widespread in food and toxicity is usually uncommon.

B6 (Pyridoxine)

Vitamin B6 is a water-soluble vitamin. It is also known by the names pyridoxine, pyridoxamine, and pyridoxal. Vitamin B6 performs function as a cofactor for about 70 different enzyme systems, most of which have something to do with amino acid and protein metabolism. Because vitamin B6 is also involved in the synthesis of neurotransmitters in the brain and nerve cells, it is frequently recommended as a nutrient to support mental function (mood) and nerve conduction. Some athletic supplements include vitamin B6 because of its role in conversion of glycogen to glucose for energy in muscle tissue. Food sources include poultry, fish, whole grains and bananas. Often recommended (erroneously) for carpal tunnel syndrome.

  • Supports optimal nervous system function
  • May improve emotional outlook/mood (serotonin synthesis)
  • Needed for hemoglobin synthesis and red blood cell growth
  • Immune support (white blood cell development)
  • Arthritis relief

Vitamin B6, like most of the B-vitamins, is involved as a cofactor in a wide variety of enzyme systems. As such, "structure/function" claims can be made for virtually any health condition. For example, because B6 is needed in the conversion of the amino acid tryptophan into niacin, a common B6 claim relates to "healthy cholesterol levels" (because niacin can help lower cholesterol in some people). Because B6 also plays a role in prostaglandin synthesis, claims are often made for the "benefits" of B6 in regulating blood pressure, muscle and heart function and pain levels (each of which is partially regulated by prostaglandins). Vitamin B6 needs are increased in those individuals consuming a high protein diet as well as in women taking oral contraceptives (birth control pills).

Vitamin B6 supplements (in conjunction with folic acid) have been shown to have a significant effect in reducing plasma levels of homocysteine (an amino acid metabolite linked to increased risk of atherosclerosis). Scientific data show that homocysteine concentrations are reduced with low to medium divided doses of vitamin B6 (with or without folic acid). When combined with magnesium (300 mg/day as magnesium oxide), vitamin B6 (10 mg/day) appears to reduce oxalate excretion and decrease the occurrence of kidney stones.

Vitamin B6 is often recommended as a treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). In the vast majority of cases, CTS is caused by repetitive hand/wrist motions (such as typing), which causes inflammation and nerve compression in a region of the wrist known as the "carpal tunnel." CTS is also known to occur in some women during pregnancy, in which case the nerve compression may be related to water retention and swelling, rather than to repetitive motion. B6 is the most frequently recommended dietary supplement in cases of CTS (traditional treatments often include rest, splints, anti-inflammatory medications and surgery). In some cases of CTS, approximately 100-300 mg of vitamin B6 in divided doses has been shown to alleviate symptoms, although these results are not consistent and several studies have found no benefit of vitamin B6 in treating CTS.

As a water-soluble B vitamin, B6 is generally very safe as a dietary supplement. Excessive intakes (2-6 grams acutely or 500 mg chronically) are associated with sensory neuropathy (loss of feeling in the extremities) - which may or may not be reversible. The RDA for vitamin B6 is only 2 milligrams per day, an amount contained in virtually all multi-vitamin supplements. Pregnant and lactating women should not take more than 100 mg of vitamin B6 per day.

B8 (FolicAcid)

Folic acid is a B vitamin that plays an important role DNA and RNA synthesis, production of red blood cells and maintenance of the nervous system. Fruits and veggies are the best dietary source (think folic "foliage"), with dark leafy greens, oranges and orange juice, beans and peas leading the way. Brewer's yeast is also a good source of folic acid and other B vitamins.

  • Prevention of neural tube birth defects
  • Promotes heart health (reduced plasma homocysteine levels)

Because folic acid has functions in DNA synthesis and nervous system maintenance, it has been linked to growth and development of the fetus during pregnancy. Clinical evidence clearly shows a beneficial effect of adequate folic acid intake in reducing the risk of brain and spinal cord birth defects. Due to its role in red blood cell formation, homocysteine metabolism and the fact that deficiency of folic acid results in megaloblastic anemia, supplemental levels are often associated with maintenance of energy levels and heart health.

It is abundantly clear that an adequate intake of folic acid is essential during pregnancy. Overwhelming evidence is available to show women given folic acid supplements during pregnancy have a lower incidence of delivering babies with neural tube birth defects such as spina bifida. Oral contraceptives ("the pill") have been associated with lower folate levels in women who conceived soon after they stop taking the pill. In some cases, former contraceptive users and women who have delivered babies with neural tube defects may especially benefit from supplemental levels of folate in their diets.

The U.S. Department of Health recommends that pregnant women (and those trying to conceive) should take a daily folic acid supplement of 400 mcg (0.4mg). The U.S. Public Health Service recommends that all women of childbearing age consume the same amount of folic acid each day to decrease the risk of having a pregnancy affected by a neural tube defect (just in case). Three strategies are available to women to achieve this goal: eat more foods with naturally occurring folate (fruits/veggies); eat foods fortified with folic acid; or use dietary supplements.

Despite the wide-ranging public health benefits of adequate folic acid intake and the widespread public awareness of these benefits, as many as 68-87% of American women of childbearing age still have folic acid intakes below the recommended 400 micrograms per day. Elderly populations are also thought to be at increased risk for folate deficiencies which may exacerbate the risk associated with heart disease, cancer and neurological impairments that are more prevalent in this population. Several recent studies have suggested that folate supplementation should be considered in elderly people, especially those with elevated plasma total homocysteine levels and cardiovascular disease, as well as in those individuals who experience neuropsychiatric disorders. Because of the possibility for high dose folate supplements to mask the symptoms of vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) deficiencies (which are also common in the elderly), folic acid supplements should be given in conjunction with B12.

Extremely high intakes (1-5 mg/day) have been associated with masking the signs and symptoms of pernicious anemia (vitamin B12 deficiency). However, because folic acid is destroyed during cooking, levels are typically highest in raw (or lightly steamed) vegetables. The chemical form of folic acid found in foods, (mono)-glutamic acid (conjugated), however, is less well absorbed compared to the synthetic form, polyglutamic acid (unconjugated), found in dietary supplements suggesting that supplemental forms may even be warranted in high risk individuals in addition to a well-balanced intake of fruits and vegetables.

B12 (Cobalamin)

Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble B vitamin. B12 is also known as cobalamin because it contains cobalt. The form of B12 most commonly used in dietary supplements is called cyanocobalamin. B12 is only produced by bacteria, so it is only found in food products of animal origin and in some fermented vegetable products such as tempeh and miso (fermented soybeans). B12 functions in a wide variety of metabolic processes, many of which are involved in transferring methyl groups between amino acids. B12 works closely with another B vitamin, folic acid, in reactions involved with DNA synthesis, blood cell formation, nervous system maintenance and heart health. If that weren't enough, B12 is also involved in the metabolism of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates, as it is needed to produce succinyl CoA, an intermediary in the Krebs cycle that generates ATP for cellular energy.

  • Improves memory
  • Promotes concentration
  • Increases energy
  • Reduces heart disease risk

Vitamin B12 absorption begins in the stomach, where it must combine with Intrinsic Factor, a compound synthesized by the stomach and required for proper absorption of B12 in the small intestine. An inadequate production of intrinsic factor and hydrochloric acid (stomach acid) in the elderly is a common cause of vitamin B12 deficiency. Because B12 is stored in the liver, the symptoms of deficiency develop very slowly, typically not showing up for 5-10 years. Strict vegetarians (vegans), who consume only plants are at the highest risk for developing B12 deficiency and should consider supplements.

Vitamin B12 levels decrease with age and various measures of cognitive impairment are associated with reduced B12 status. In one study of subjects suffering from senile dementia, 78% of the subjects had metabolic cobalamin deficiency. Among those subjects supplemented with vitamin B12, significant improvements in IQ, motor function and mental state were noted.

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Magic Bullet December 20, 2011
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Manic bullet December 8, 2011
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magic bullet December 7, 2011
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